Launched in 1954 as the 440, this Czech people's car was good value, but the swing-axle rear suspension could cause problems when cornering for unwary drivers. The Škoda 440 "Spartak" enters into production in the mid-1950's, followed by the Škoda 445 and the Škoda 450 sports roadster, later modernised and known as the Škoda Felicia, and made at the Kvasiny branch plant.
This model is primarily destined for foreign markets and the demand for it proves to be much higher than the number of produced units. The eighth post-war model and also the final type in the "Popular" family range is the Škoda Octavia, later joined by the utility estate Combi version, with the Škoda 1201 and 1202 models also in production.
The plant undergoes extensive modernisation at the beginning of the 1960's and a brand-new model rolls off the production line for the first time in 1964, the Škoda 1000 MB (featuring a new rear-engined concept and a self-supporting car body).