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Opera House in Sydney

The Opera House
The Sydney Opera House
Maps Opera House of Sydney

Until the 1600s, the continent of Australia was unknown to most Europeans. It is on the other side of the world from Europe. Europeans could only guess at what lay “down under.” But in the 1600s and 1700s, Dutch and English sailors began exploring Australia’s coasts. In 1788 British ships sailed into a sheltered part of the southeastern coast. There they established the town of Sydney.

For more than fifty years, Great Britain used Sydney as a place to send prisoners from overcrowded British jails. Sydney has come a long way since its days as a prison town. Modern-day Sydney has more than four million residents. It is the capital of the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW). Sydney has become one of the most famous cities in the world, with parks, gardens, universities, and museums. It is also home to the beautiful Sydney Opera House.

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