This solid gold burial mask comes from the tomb of the Pharaoh Tutankhamun (1332-
Religion was central to ancient Egyptian society.The Egyptians believed that their land had originally been ruled by gods, whose power had passed directly to the pharaohs. So pharaohs and their families were treated like gods and wore highly elaborate ceremonial costumes. One of the most important elements of the pharaoh’s dress was his crown or headdress. Early kings often wore a red-
In paintings and carvings, pharaohs are often shown holding the symbols of their office: the royal crook and flail.
The crook symbolized the pharaoh’s protection of his people, while the flail stood for the punishment of his enemies.
The pharaoh had many queens, but the chief queen was usually his sister or half-