The land of Persia (present-
Soldiers and Satraps
A tiled frieze survives showing Persian soldiers in ceremonial dress. The soldiers wear long,patterned robes,with wide, pleated sleeves. Each soldier wears a wide, golden band encircling his forehead, and carries a tall spear and a bow slung over his shoulder. Attached to each soldier’s back is a deep pouch for carrying arrows. At court,the Persians wore long, flowing robes with pleated sleeves, but the local rulers, known as satraps, dressed far more simply in short, woolen tunics and long pants. The Persians were great horsemen, and pants were very practical for long horse rides across the plains.
Persian guards with spears and shields, carved on a staircase in the royal palace at Persepolis
The Persians made exquisite golden jewelry. A solid gold armlet has been discovered at Oxus (in present-