The earliest known inhabitants of modern day Turkey were the Hittites. They were one of most powerful groups in the Middle East from 1900 BC to 1285 BC. They are one of the groups mentioned in the Bible.
Around 2000 BCE the Hittite people settled in Anatolia (modern-
The culture of the Hittites was Indo-
Hittite warriors carried long wooden spears tipped with iron, which were much stronger than the bronze weapons of their opponents. They wore iron helmets with flaps to protect their neck, and carried large wicker shields.The most popular battle took place against the nation of Egypt around 1285BC. The Hittite leader Mutwatallis, took on the Egyptian forces at Kadesh, near the Orontes River, just north the land of Israel. There was no winner and the Pharaoh Rameses II, was almost killed in battle. However, once back in Egypt, Rameses declared a victory and embellished the story.