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Spotted nothura

Birds > Group of birds > Tinamous-Tinamidae
Spotted nothura-Nothura maculosa
Spotted nothura-Nothura maculosa

TAXONOMY

Nothura maculosa Temminck, 1815, Paraguay. Eight subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Tinamou tacheté; German: Fleckensteißhuhn; Spanish: Tinamú Manchado.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

10 in (25.5 cm), 0.6 lb (250 g). Female slightly larger. Variable appearance, sometimes very dark upperparts.

DISTRIBUTION

Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay.

HABITAT

Most subspecies inhabit lowlands, living in open grassland, shrub steppe, and cropland. Its range is expanding as clearing takes place for agriculture.

BEHAVIOR

The call is a series of brief, high-pitched piping notes, often given in response to other calling birds. Populations may be very dense in favorable country, up to a bird to every 2.5 acres (1 ha)

Brushland tinamou-Nothoprocta cinerascens
Spotted nothura-Nothura maculosa

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
The spotted nothura feeds on vegetable and animal matter, taking more insects than plants in Argentina, but elsewhere feeding mainly on seeds, including those of pasture plants, crops, and weeds.
REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

The species has a very high reproductive rate; females can ma-ture at two months of age and have 5–6 broods in a year. Males take longer to mature, or at least to establish nests. As with other tinamous, males undertake all incubation and parenting, often attracting more than one female to lay in a single nest.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

A very popular game bird, but a high reproductive rate and early maturity ensure that it remains common.

 
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