Nothura maculosa Temminck, 1815, Paraguay. Eight subspecies.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Tinamou tacheté; German: Fleckensteißhuhn; Spanish: Tinamú Manchado.
10 in (25.5 cm), 0.6 lb (250 g). Female slightly larger. Variable appearance, sometimes very dark upperparts.
Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay.
Most subspecies inhabit lowlands, living in open grassland, shrub steppe, and cropland. Its range is expanding as clearing takes place for agriculture.
The call is a series of brief, high-
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
The spotted nothura feeds on vegetable and animal matter, taking more insects than plants in Argentina, but elsewhere feeding mainly on seeds, including those of pasture plants, crops, and weeds.
The species has a very high reproductive rate; females can ma-
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
A very popular game bird, but a high reproductive rate and early maturity ensure that it remains common.