Siskin, Carduelis spinus. Resident and widespread winter visitor; now breeds commonly pans of Scotland (especially Highlands) and Ireland, locally in N. Wales and England south to Devon in open conifer areas, including large gardens; in winter typically in riverside alders.
DESCRIPTION: 5 inches. Sexes differ. Rump yellow; dark and light bars on wing . Juvenile like female but browner. Much smaller than 12, and no bright yellow on wings and tail.
VOICE: Loud, questioning pchee? Often drawn out and used on wing; also twitters on wing. Song a canary-
HABITS: Party usually seen as cluster on alders, flying away in an undulating ball to a fresh tree; but also low on thistles etc. Song flights and chases in breeding areas. Occasionally solitary.
MAY BE CONFUSED with 12, 15 (in silhouette).