Jackdaw, Corvus moncdula. Resident, some summer and winter visitors; scarce in north-
DESCRIPTION: 14 inches. Sexes alike. Eye has prominent light iris. Usually seen with 4, when smaller size and more erect stance arc obvious.
VOICE: Single jack note often develops into chuckle or cackle, quite distinct from caw of 4 when they are flying together. Calls of juveniles can be confused with those of 8.
HABITS: Quick walking action 011 ground, but spends much time aloft. Flapping flight with quicker beats than 4; soaring and aerobatics in flocks. Though extremely social, pairs can often be distinguished as flocks wheel in air.
MAY BE CONFUSED with 4, 8.