Tinamus major Gmelin, 1789, Cayenne.
OTHER COMMON NAMES
English: Mountain hen; French: Grand tinamou; German: Großtinamu; Spanish: Tinamú Oliváceo.
17.5 in (44 cm), 2.5 lb (1.1 kg). Female slightly larger. Overall color ranges from light to dark olive brown. Whitish on throat and center of belly.
Widely distributed, with seven subspecies in Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, French Guiana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and Venezuela.
Dense tropical and subtropical forest, preferably with an open floor, at altitudes of 1,000–5,000 ft (300–1,500 m).
Usually solitary, maintaining a home range. The call is a series of musical, tremulous whistles.
FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Feeds on the forest floor, taking fruits and seeds, especially of the Lauraceae, Annonaceae, Myrtaceae, and Sapotaceae.
The breeding season is long, extending from mid-
SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
It is hunted as a game bird, especially around towns, but has survived better than other game species. The great tinamou has various roles in native American folklore in Brazil, Colombia, and Panama.