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Elegant crested-tinamou

Birds > Group of birds > Tinamous-Tinamidae
Elegant-crested tinamou-Eudromia elegans
Elegant-crested tinamou-Eudromia elegans

TAXONOMY

Eudromia elegans Geoffroy St. Hillaire, 1832, South America.Eight subspecies.

OTHER COMMON NAMES

French: Tinamou élégant; German: Perlsteißhuhn; Spanish: Martineta Común.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

15.5 in (39 cm), 1.3 lb (600 g). Leg color pale bluish to grayish brown. Lacks hind toe. Crest is long, normally carried backwards.

DISTRIBUTION

Throughout Argentina and Chile.

HABITAT

Arid and semiarid grassland and savanna, favoring open sites, ranging from sea level to 8,000 ft (2,500 m) in altitude.

BEHAVIOR

The call is a loud melancholy whistle. Unlike many tinamous, this species forms small flocks, especially in winter when it in-vades alfalfa crops. In spring and summer it may still be found in pairs and small groups.

Elegant-crested tinamou-Eudromia elegans
Elegant-crested tinamou-Eudromia elegans

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

In winter it feeds mainly on seeds and leaves of plants; in summer it takes many insects and invertebrates, including termites.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

Breeding systems are polyandrous and polygynous, although males undertake all incubation and parenting.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS

It is hunted intensely and remains common only in remote areas.

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