The History Automobiles

The mere production of such cars have begun in the late 1700's, and it just with European engineers who started messing with motor-driven vehicles. The construction of the first electric motor in the mid 1800s. It was uncertain what type of engine will power the car. At first, the electric car was the most popular, but at that time the batteries could allow the car to exceed greater distances with high speed.


Although some of the previous record set by electric cars, which are changed later in the production of the first decades of the 20th century.Then they were trying to build a steam-powered Cars, which lasted until 1920.But the price of steam-powered engines, was for the construction or maintenance of incomparable with gas-powered engines. Internal combustion engines are constantly beat the competition, and the first American automobile pioneers like Ransom and Henry Ford built reliable internal combustion engines, so you can reject the idea of the steam engine or electric operation from the beginning.


The Model T led an industrial and social revolution, introducing massproduction techniques to car manufacturing and motorizing the United States. Thanks to Henry Ford's 1913 introduction of a moving assembly line, production hit 1,000 per day in 1914, and U.S. output peaked in 1923, when two million "Tin Lizzies" were made.

More than 15 million Model Ts were made from 1908 until,... The launch of the Model T Ford in 1908, the effect was revolutionary. The T meant people barely able to afford a horse and buggy could buy a car. In 1908, fewer than 200,000 people in the U.S. owned cars; five years later 250,000 owned Model Ts alone. By 1930, over 15 million Ts had been sold.


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The history of Mercedes is also the history of the car itself. The companies founded by the two German pioneers of the internal combustion engine and the automobile - Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz - came together to form a marque that now makes some of the world's most advanced and desirable cars. Benz's car possessed several features common to every automobile today, including an accelerator, a spark plug, a clutch, and a radiator for water - cooling.

In 1893 Benz produced the Viktoria, a four - wheeled car with pivoting axles for better steering. The next year a development of the Viktoria, known as the Velo, became the world's first production car. It was, however, the Daimler company that set the pace in this transportation revolution - despite the death of its founder in 1900.

The Mercedes motorcycle
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Strictly speaking, only one Rolls-Royce is named Silver Ghost: the unique, silver-painted, 40/50 hp open tourer with silver trim that was used in 1907 for a 15,000-mile (24,000-km) reliability trial. The title has, however, been retrospectively applied to all examples of the 40/50 hp made between 1906 and 1925-the model that established Rolls-Royce as the maker of "The Best Car in the World."

The 40/50 hp was sufficiently robust to have formed the basis for an armored car during and after World War I. Its chassis was donated to the Phantom I that replaced it in 1925. This was in effect a "Silver Ghost" with a new overhead-valve engine.


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Land Rover Series 1 1948s

The first "Land Rover" prototype was a pick-up/tractor hybrid with its single, central seat, and stark functionality. It had Willys proportions because it actually used a Jeep body frame and axles. The Rover board gave cautious approval in September 1947 and, within a year, pilot production began. The Land Rover's bodywork was made from aluminum-cheap, plentiful, and, critically, unaffected by government restrictions. It was also light, giving great nimbleness on off-road terrain. Rover car components were used.

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Stanley Steamer 1901

Asteam-powered car seems anachronistic today, but when identical twins F. E. and F. O. Stanley began making them in 1897, it was the most proven motive technology around. Early Stanley cars featured a tubular chassis frame with a light, wooden buggy body.
The vertical boiler, under the double seat, at first featured copper fire tubes, with a vapourizing gasoline burner underneath. Drive went from the engine crankshaft to a rear-mounted differential, by chain.

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Mercedes Benz T80 1939

The dream team of constructor Mercedes-Benz and designer Ferdinand Porsche were, by 1937, hard at work on what became the T80. At the heart of the six-wheeler chassis was a vast 2,716ci (44,500cc) V12 engine-a Mercedes aero engine more usually found in the Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter plane. Only, in this incarnation, power was doubled to a projected 3,000bhp, using a fuel mixture of mostly alcohol. The four rear wheels were all driven using a "slipping clutch" system, instead of a gearbox, to match them to engine power at 93mph (150kph).

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Subaru Cars

Subaru was a little-known Japanese car maker producing anonymous road cars that happened to have four-wheel drive and "boxer" engines until it started rallying. After showing potential with the Legacy, Subaru engaged British motorsport company Prodrive to prepare Imprezas for the World Rally Championship. With top drivers such as Colin McRae, Richard Burns, Carlos Sainz, and Juha Kankkunen, their spectacular success made Subaru world famous.

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Saint Peters Basilica

Visitors to Rome, Italy, never find themselves short of things to see and do. Rome has been a city for more than two thousand years. Ancient ruins lie amid the city's historic hills. Medieval palaces and churches overlook bustling piazzas (public squares). The water in fountains sparkles in the sun. Rome is also home to the Vatican City.

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The Taj Mahal

In the late 1700s, British visitors to India returned with some amazing tales. One tale told of a shimmering white building topped with a huge dome. It was surrounded by gardens and fountains. This amazing structure, travelers said, was built as a monument to love. Inside the building, under the enormous dome, was the tomb of a queen.

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The Eiffel Tower in Paris

Government ministers wanted a big, impressive centerpiece for the fair. One popular suggestion was a tower that would stand about 1,000 feet (300 m) tall. No such tower had ever been built. In spring 1886, the government announced a contest for French architects and engineers. They had two months to submit their plans for the world's tallest structure. Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) was one step ahead of the government. Eiffel already had a team of architects and engineers working on plans for a tower. Eiffel was France's most respected engineer. He had designed and built bridges and railroad stations. As the country's rail system grew, Eiffel became a master designer of iron structures.

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The Opera House in 1966

But before Utzon got far, the entire opera house project ran into trouble. Government elections were held in 1965, and a new government was elected. The opera house project came under the control of a new government official, Davis Hughes. Hughes believed that the project was wasting money. He did not like Utzon's designs. He also did not believe that the estimated schedules and budgets were correct. Hughes stopped paying Utzon. In 1966 Utzon was forced to resign.

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The Sears Tower

In 1885 architect William Le Baron Jenney used steel framing to construct the Home Insurance Building in Chicago. At ten stories, it was the tallest office building in the world. People looking up at the building from the sidewalk called it a skyscraper. Within a decade, Chicago would have three more skyscrapers: the Tacoma Building (1889), the Masonic Temple (1892), and the Reliance Building (1895). By the early twentieth century, Chicago was becoming famous for its buildings. Some of the most famous architects in the world were working in the city.

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The Taipei 101

Taiwan and mainland China share a close history. In fact, Taiwan's official name is the Republic of China (ROC). The ROC governs Taiwan Island and several smaller groups of nearby islands. The ROC once also governed mainland China. But after World War II, China was divided by a civil war. The Kuomintang (KMT), a political party, fought against the Communist Party. In 1949 Communist forces took control of mainland China. The KMT fled to Taiwan. Mainland China became known as the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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penydarren-1804

Penydarren locomotive
1804

The very first steam-powered railway locomotive in the world. Designed and built by the Cornish engineer Richard Trevithick, this remarkable contraption was put to work on the Pen-y-Darren tramway in South Wales in 1804 - no less than 21 years before the opening of the Stockton & Darlington Railway. The locomotive bore no name or number, but is referred to simply as 'the Pen-y-Darren engine' (or 'Penydarren' for short). Some historians are of the opinion that Trevithick may have overseen the building of another railway engine at Coalbrookdale, in Shropshire, two years earlier, but there is no evidence whatsoever that it was ever completed, let alone operated, which is why the bicentenary of steam railways was celebrated in 2004 and not 2002.

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puffing-billy-1814.jpg

Puffing Billy locomotive
1814

This is one of the two oldest railway locomotives still in existence anywhere in the world, the other being its sister, Wylam Dilly. Almost every railway history book ever published states that 'Dilly' is the older of the two, but we can reveal that 21st century research undertaken by Edinburgh Museum expert John Crompton has shown that the opposite is in fact the case. He has conducted an unprecedentedly-thorough physical examination of the two locomotives and found irrefutable evidence that the boiler of 'Dilly' demonstrates a process of 'learning by experience' from the construction methods used on 'Billy'. As a result, the Science Museum and Early Railways Conference have now changed the date of Dilly's construction to "circa 1815", meaning it comes after its 1814-built sister, not before.

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Rocket locomotive 1829

Rocket locomotive
1829

In terms of the number of people outside the field of railways who have heard of it, this is arguably the most famous locomotive of all, although a similar claim can now be made for Flying Scotsman. The extraordinary fame of Rocket is due in no small part to the fact that it launched the world's first inter-city railway, die Liverpool & Manchester, and that in order to do so, it had to win the Rainhill trials - whose competitive element captured the public imagination at the time. In the minds of people who had never travelled faster than a galloping horse, the engine must have appeared to 'go like a rocket'. Designed by Robert Stephenson and aided by his father George, the Rocket 0-2-2 was built in 1829 and was a pioneer in more senses than one, for it was the first to,...

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History locomotive in World

The first locomotive engine designed to run upon rails was constructed in 1803, under the direction of Richard Trevithick, a Cornish mine captain in South Wales. Though crudely and peculiarly made, it possessed all of the characteristics of the modern locomotive with the exception of the multi-tubular boiler. The locomotive had a return-flue boiler 60 inches long, and two pairs of driving wheels - each 52 inches in diameter. The power was furnished by one cylinder, 54 inches long and 8 inches in diameter. The exhaust steam from the cylinder was conducted to the smoke-stack where it aided in creating a draft on the fire. This engine, shown in Figure 1 (down-left), made several trips of nine miles each, running about five miles per hour and carrying about two tons. Although the machine was a commercial failure, yet from a mechanical standpoint, it was a great success.

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Classification of locomotives

In order that a clear understanding may be had of the various types of locomotives, a classification is given according to wheel arrangement. In the Whyte system of classification, which is quite largely used, each set of trucks and driving wheels is grouped by number beginning at the pilot or front end of the engine. Thus, 260 means a Mogul, and 460, a 10-wheel engine. The first figure, 2, in 260 denotes that a 2-wheeled truck is used in front; the figure 6, that there are six coupled drivers, three on each side; and the 0, that no trailing truck is used. This scheme gives both a convenient and easy method of classifying locomotives.

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Red kangaroos in jumping

What is a mammal?

At first sight, this is not a difficult question. Every child is able to identify an animal as a mammal. Since its earliest age it can identify what is a cat, dog, rabbit, bear, fox, wolf, monkey, deer, mouse, or pig and soon experiences that with anyone who lacks such a knowledge there would be little chance to communicate about other things as well.

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The Atlantic spotted dolphin

Evolution cetacea

Cetaceans are related to the hoofed mammals, or ungulates, and their ancestry is linked more or less closely to that of cows, horses, and hippopotamuses. Current thinking is that they are highly derived artiodactyls, with a particularly close evolutionary relationship to the hippos. The fossil record of cetacean ancestry dates back more

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Primates-A white-throated capuchin

Primates

The order name "Primates" (literally: "those of first rank") was introduced by Linnaeus in 1758 for a group that included man along with several non-human primates known at that time. Interestingly, Linnaeus also included bats in his order Primates, but this was soon abandoned by other taxonomists.

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